Mode Four of GATS may cover a wide range of persons, from high-level engineers to unskilled workers. In the FTA, Japan mainly commits with respect to highly qualified professionals. Those commitments go substantially beyond Japan’s commitments under the GATS. Japan also has a number of other economic partnership treaties granting access to foreign professionals of various categories.
Contractual Service Suppliers and Independent Professionals of the EU are allowed to supply services and engage in business activities in Japan. Engineer or Specialist in international services and humanities previously recognised. The EPA specifies 38 sectors for CSS. Contractual Service Suppliers generally depend on EU-based employers.
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The complete text of the EPA, and Annexes can be found on the following website of the European Commission: http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=1684.